Grand Prix (GP) motorbikes are currently divided into three different engine classes: 125cc, 250cc, and MotoGP (800cc - for the 2007 season). The competition between the drivers is quite entertaining. Various riding techniques with various controversies that are presented make the existence of this powerful motorbike race very interesting to observe. For women, it is not only speed that is eyed, but also the good looks of the racers. One pretty handsome racer is Casey Stoner.
A brief history of the Grand Motorbike Race
The motorbikes used in MotoGP are motorbikes made specifically for racing and are not sold to the public. Brand holders who make those high-speed motorbikes. Accidents are quite common in matches in several places, especially in Sepang, Malaysia. The circuit used is indeed very challenging. Not only do racers have to face other racers, but they also have to pay attention to the shape and layout of the circuit that will be used.
The training session is one of the most decisive sessions. This a sign that you understand the real track conditions, a fatal accident like the one that happened to one of the racers from Italy, will happen again. This one race is not just any race. Lives may be at stake. Even though you have used full body armor in case of an accident, a very hard collision and the possibility of being run over by other racers is sometimes not able to be held even by the best protective clothing.
Even though many victims have fallen, this motorbike racing championship is still in great demand. Even the birth of new racers from various countries seemed unstoppable. Drivers from mainland Europe are still dominating. However, racers from other countries also try to do the best for themselves and their nation, and their sponsors. They diligently carry out various exercises in order to present good entertainment as well as games.
The first motorcycle racing world championship was held by the World Motorcycling Federation (FIM) in 1949. At that time, traditionally several races were held in each event for various motorcycle classes. Entering the 1990s. This race only leaves the 125cc, 250cc, and 500cc classes.
The GP-500, the class at the pinnacle of Grand Prix motorcycle racing, changed drastically in 2002. From 2002 to 2006, for the first time, manufacturers were allowed to increase the total engine capacity specifically for 4-stroke engines, to a maximum of 800cc in the 2007 season. the more astonishing this becomes one of the challenges that must be conquered by various parties and not only by the racer.
By allowing the large 4-stroke motorbike, the GP 500 class was renamed MotoGP. After 2003 there were no more 2 stroke engines that went down in this championship class.
Rules of the game in Racing
Racing for the Grand Prix motorcycle competition class is now held in as many as 17 rounds in 15 different countries (Spain hosts 3 races). Races are usually held every weekend with several stages. On Friday, the first free practice and official practice were held, then on Saturday the second official practice was held, where the riders tried to record the best time to determine their starting position. The race itself was held on Sunday. Except for the Dutch and Qatar GPs, whose races were held on Saturday.
The grid (starting position row) consists of 3 racers per row and is usually followed by around 20 racers. Races last around 45 minutes and drivers race a set number of laps, without having to change tires or refuel. Racing will be repeated in case of a fatal accident at the beginning of the race. Grid layout does not change according to qualifying results. Racers may enter the pit if only to replace the motorbike because of the rain.
The success of GP Motor Racing is inseparable from the organizations involved in it. Several organizations that are members of the Grand Prix commission include the FIM (Federation Internationale de Motocyclisme) which is the highest body in the world that deals with matters relating to motorcycles. Dorna, as the promoter or organizer of the Motor Grand Prix race, IRTA (International Road racing Team Association), consists of teams that participate in Motor GP races.
MSMA (Motor Sports Manufacturer Association) consists of motorcycle manufacturers in MotoGP such as Honda, Ducati, Yamaha, Kawasaki, and others manufacturers. They try to make the game interesting.
Grand Prix Motorcycle Racer
Motor GP racers who participate in world motorcycle racing also have career paths. If a racer excels, he will be recruited by a team in the next class (for example, from the 125cc class, 250cc class, then the top MotoGP class). The racers who enter the 125cc class themselves come from racers who have excelled in regional or national championships in their respective countries, such as All Japan road racing in Japan, or European championships.
The racers who take part in the top class of the Motor Grand Prix come from several championships. Besides coming from the 250cc class like Valentino Rossi and Dani Pedrosa. There are also riders from AMA Superbikes such as Nicky Haiden, as well as from World Superbikes such as Noriyuki Haga and Colin Edwards.
The current Grand Prix motorcycle speed record is 347.4 km/h, which was held by Loris Capirossi on a Ducati motorbike at the Catalunya circuit, in Barcelona, Spain in 2004. Just so you know, the speed of Capirosi's motorbike at that time was almost the same as the average speed of a car racing F1!
In 2006 the engines used in the Motor Grand Prix were four and five-cylinder engines. Honda uses five cylinders, while Yamaha, Ducati, Kawasaki, and Suzuki use four cylinders. As a result, all Motor GP engines were made with very expensive and lightweight materials such as titanium, and carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic.
These motorbikes also use technology that is not available to the public, such as sophisticated electronic devices, engine management systems, traction control, carbon disc brakes, and modern engine technology adopted from F1 car engine technology.
Legendary Motor GP Racer
Motor GP is one of the automotive sports events featuring motorbike speed contests on motor racing circuits. This arena is a prestigious event featuring world-class racers using motorbikes from world motorcycle manufacturers, such as Honda, Suzuki, Yamaha, Ducatti, Kawasaki, Aprilia, and others.
The Motor Grand Prix is held for one year at different places. Asia is one of the regions that have the honor of holding the most prestigious motor racing arena in the world. Japan, which has the most representative motorcycle manufacturers in the event, is a country that almost always gets the honor of holding a GP motorbike arena.
Suzuka is the name of a racing circuit in Japan. Meanwhile, another Asian country has also had the honor of hosting the MotoGP racing arena in Malaysia. The neighboring country has even prepared a special racing arena in the Sepang area to host the race.
The GP motorbike event is basically not just a speed competition. At the event, each racer put their big name on the line to become the most skilled at controlling an iron horse. Meanwhile, for motorcycle manufacturers, the MotoGP event is a promotion so that their products are known as the best compared to competitors' products. This is of course to boost sales of their motorbikes in the general market.
Legendary Motor GP Racer
Along the way, there are several names of big racers who were born from this MotoGP circuit event. They are racers who are able to carve achievements and create several records in the racing arena.
One such great racer is Kevin Schwantz. This cowboy-style racer has always been loyal to riding the RGV Gamma 500 motorbike. When competing, Schwantz is known as the king of corners. Because, with the support of the short-axis motor, it makes it very adept at overtaking opponents in corners. That is one of the ways he did so that he was able to win the title as MotoGP champion in 1993.
Apart from Schwantz, another big name is Mike Doohan. Unlike Schwantz, Doohan is a king who uses Honda as his choice. Sponsored by one of the Repsol lubricant brands, Doohan won MotoGP several times. Until he retired, he still wore number 1 in his last season of motor racing.
The last name worth mentioning is Wayne Rainey. This Yamaha motorbike maker ended his racing career in a wheelchair due to the injury he suffered. And for his loyalty, Yamaha also gave him a separate team, namely Yamaha Rainey.
Motorcycle Grand Prix or MotoGP is the peak class of motorcycle racing and is a place to "show off" motorbike racing.
MotoGP is divided into three engine classes, namely 125cc, Moto2, and MotoGP (2007 season using 800cc).
The racing motorbikes used in MotoGP are special motorbikes and are not sold to the public. In Indonesia, MotoGP has been aired on Trans7 since 2002 until now.
History of MotoGP Racing Bikes
After 2003, there were no 2-engine racing motorbikes that did not go down in the MotoGP class.
The first motor racing world championship was held by the Federation Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) in 1949.
The classes that competed in motorbike racing at that time were 50cc, 125cc, 250cc, 350cc, and 500cc for single-seater motorbikes and 350cc and 500cc for sidecar motorbikes (motorcycles with sidecars). In the 1950-the 1960s, all classes were dominated by 4-stroke engined motorcycles. 2-stroke engined motorbikes began to dominate small classes in the late 1960s.
4-stroke racing motorcycles were completely eliminated by 2-stroke engine motorcycles in the 1970s. A few years later, Honda attempted to return the 4-stroke engine to the top of the class by fielding the NR500 bike. This project failed, even Honda actually triumphed with his 500cc 2-stroke racing motorbike which won the championship in 1983.
In this year also the 350cc racing motorbike class was abolished, while the 50cc class was replaced by the 80cc class in 1984 and finally the 80cc class was also abolished in 1990. This motorbike racing world championship only left the 125cc, 250cc, and 500cc classes.
From 1970-2001, the GP 500 was limited to 4 cylinders with a 500cc engine capacity, both 4-stroke and 2-stroke engine types. Manufacturers are allowed to increase the total capacity of special engines for 4 strokes to a maximum of 990cc in 2002-2006. A year later, changed back to 800cc. At that time, manufacturers were also given the freedom to choose the number of cylinders used (between three and six) with a certain weight limit. The GP 500 class was renamed MotoGP after the large cc 4-stroke motorbike was allowed.
After 2003, there was no more racing motorbike engine 2 that does not go down in the MotoGP class. However, 125cc and 250cc classes in particular are still not using two machines.
MotoGP Racing Motor Specifications
FIM is the organization that has the right to make every regulation regarding every racing class in MotoGP. In 2002, at the beginning of the new era of MotoGP motorbike racing, motorbikes with 2-stroke 500 cc and 4-stroke 990 cc engines were still allowed to be used in racing.
The greatness of the 4-stroke motorbike turned out to be able to beat the motorbikes with 2-stroke engines so that all 2-stroke engines were eliminated from the competition.
As a result, the following season no longer used 2-stroke racing motorbikes in MotoGP races. In 2007, the FIM issued new regulations, namely MotoGP racing motorbikes were limited to 4-stroke 800 cc.
The reason for making this new regulation is to increase the safety of MotoGP racers because the power and peak speed produced by MotoGP machines have drastically increased since 2002.
Currently, the MotoGP speed record is 347.4km which was set by Loris Capirossi on a Ducati motorbike at the Catalunya circuit, in Barcelona in 2004.
For MotoGP observers, the decision to limit the engine to 800 cc is certainly very profitable for the Honda team because Honda uses a five-cylinder engine. Honda only needed to remove one cylinder to overhaul its engine to comply with the new regulations.
Meanwhile, other manufacturers have to overhaul all the engines. This new regulation also gave rise to a controversy that now the racing motorbike used in the 1000 cc Superbike race is the fastest in circuit motorbike racing around the world.
For the MotoGP racing motorbike class, racing motorbikes are allowed to use engines with three to six-cylinder cylinders and there are variations in weight restrictions depending on the number of cylinders used.
This is because an engine with more cylinders produces more power and increases the weight limit. The machines used in MotoGP in 2006 are four-cylinder and five-cylinder engines (Honda uses five cylinders and Yamaha, Ducati and Suzuki use four cylinders).
The main challenge for MotoGP racers and MotoGP racing motorcycle engineers is how to channel the incredible engine power (179kW) through the contact points of two tires and the asphalt surface of a circuit about the width of a human arm. Meanwhile, the comparison with an F1 car is that it produces more than 950 hp (700 kW), but with four tires. With a total of four tires, the contact point of the surface with the asphalt is ten times greater than that of a MotoGP racing motorbike.
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For those of you who are loyal fans of sports news, there are many things to look forward to knowing the next news. For those of you football fans, of course, you are really looking forward to the arrival of soccer news which is currently increasingly popular. MotoGP fans, of course, don't want to be left behind with news about idol racers.
The motorcycle Grand Pix is a prestigious event for racers around the world which is divided into three different engine classes, namely Moto2, Moto3, and Moto GP. MotoGP is one of the most interesting events for its fans. The motorbikes used in MotoGP are specially made motorbikes and are not sold on the market. Every year, news about MotoGP is always a hot topic of conversation for its fans.